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BRIEF COMMUNICATION
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 72

Birth weight as a cardio metabolic risk factor in Iranian adolescents


1 Pediatric Growth Disorders Research Center, 17 Shahrivar Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran
2 Department of Pediatrics, Breastfeeding Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Eye Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Shahin Koohmanaee
Pediatric Growth Disorders Research Center, 17 Shahrivar Hospital, guilan university of medical sciences, Guilan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_48_16

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Background: A large number of epidemiological studies from different geographical regions showed a considerable relationship between low birth weight (LBW) and adverse health effects later in life. This study aims to assess the birth weight (BW) as a cardio metabolic risk factor in Iranian adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 12-year-old students from different areas of Rasht, North Iran. Data were collected by a questionnaire including variables as birth height, BW, gestational age, blood pressure, and laboratory tests including triglycerides (TGs), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), and insulin level. Data were analyzed using t-test, Chi-square, and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Overall, 858 adolescents participated in this study. Results showed significant correlation between BW and abdominal circumference, hip circumference, total cholesterol, TG, HDL-C and LDL-C (P = 0.064, 0.194, 0.224, 0.017, and 0.017, respectively). Conclusions: The study findings on the correlation between BW and cardio metabolic factors might serve as confirmatory evidence on the association of LBW with future cardio metabolic disorders.


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