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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77

Base transceiver station antennae exposure and human health


Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Date of Submission13-Apr-2017
Date of Acceptance05-Aug-2017
Date of Web Publication05-Oct-2017

Correspondence Address:
Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei
Department of Medical Physics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_180_17

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How to cite this article:
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D. Base transceiver station antennae exposure and human health. Int J Prev Med 2017;8:77

How to cite this URL:
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D. Base transceiver station antennae exposure and human health. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Aug 10];8:77. Available from: http://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2017/8/1/77/216080



Dear Editor,

The effects of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields exposure on humans, due to its potential health hazards, become the focus of interest from several years ago.[1],[2],[3],[4] In recent years, using mobile phone has drastically increased the amount of human exposure from the microwaves radiation in everyday life.[5],[6] The mobile phone exposure has been shown to have effects on the immune functions, stimulating hormones, mammalian brain, sperm motility and morphology, and neurological pathologies syndrome.[7],[8],[9] In addition, its protection questions and biological effects are reasons why too many researchers focused on work in this field. However, still, no clear mechanism has been found to explain the correlation between base transceiver stations (BTS) RF radiation and health consequences. This letter is aimed to find out the psychological and psychobiological reactions of the people with respect to exposure conditions such as the distance and length of time living near the antenna.

In this regard, cross-sectional studies were performed on the selected inhabitants in two cities of Isfahan and Hamadan, Iran. The inhabitants were requested to complete a standardized questionnaire which prepared by author and coworkers that focused on the relevant psychologically and psychobiologically reactions parameters.[6] The questionnaire was also consisted of age and sex of the individuals, distances from BTS antenna and their location in relation to the antennas and the length of time living near the BTS antenna.

The results showed that most of the symptoms such as nausea, headache, dizziness, irritability, discomfort, nervousness, depression, sleep disturbance, memory loss, and lowering of libido were statistically significant in the inhabitants living near the BTS antenna (<300 m distances) compared to those living far from the BTS antenna (>300 m).[6] Results also showed that the mobile phone BTS antenna may have health effects on inhabitants living near the station (5300 m distances).

Findings were in agreement with previous studies, which have shown that someone living at 200 m from a base station reported some symptoms such as chronic fatigue and sleep disturbances.[6],[7],[10] On the basis of the presented results, placing of base stations should be such as to minimize exposure of neighbors. Of course, more accurate follow-up studies in larger series by considering more psychological and psychobiological reactions are recommended for the evaluation of the effects of the BTS antennae. It was suggested that cellular phone BTS antenna should not be sited closer than 300 m to populations to minimize the exposure of neighbors. Indeed, more follow-up studies with larger samples in are needed for the evaluation of the effects of the BTS antennae.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Shiri L, Alaei H, Naghdi N. The effect of continuous ELF-MFs on the level of 5-HIAA in the raphe nucleus of the rat. J Radiat Res 2016;57:127-32.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Asgarian MH, Setayeshi S, Jafari S. The influence of low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELFs) on MCF-7 cancer cells. J Isfahan Med Sch 2015;33:2137-42.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Hashemi-Beni B, Ahmadi Z. Effects of RF-EMF exposure from GSM mobile phones on proliferation rate of human adipose-derived stem cells: An in-vitro study. J Biomed Phys Eng 2016;6:243-52.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D. Does GSM 900-MHz mobile exposure effect on proliferation rate and viability of human-adipose-derived stem cells? J Isfahan Med Sch 2017;35:84-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Hamblin DL, Croft RJ, Wood AW, Stough C, Spong J. The sensitivity of human event-related potentials and reaction time to mobile phone emitted electromagnetic fields. Bioelectromagnetics 2006;27:265-73.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Karbalae M, Moradi HA, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M. Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS) antennae: A report from Isfahan, Iran. Electromagn Biol Med 2014;33:206-10.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Augner C, Hacker GW, Oberfeld G, Florian M, Hitzl W, Hutter J, et al. Effects of exposure to GSM mobile phone base station signals on salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and immunoglobulin A. Biomed Environ Sci 2010;23:199-207.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Mortazavi SM, Nasri H, Baradaran A, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi M, Baradaran-Ghahfarokhi HR. Mobile phone radiation interferes laboratory immunoenzymometric assays: Example chorionic gonadotropin assays. Pathophysiology 2012;19:43-7.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Ahmadi Z, Shahbazi-Gahrouei D, Hashmi-Beni B, Karbalaee M. Effects of exposure to 900 MHz mobile telephony radiation on growth and metabolism of human-Adipose-derived stem cells. J Isfahan Med Sch 2015;32:2268-78.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Panagopoulos DJ, Chavdoula ED, Margaritis LH. Bioeffects of mobile telephony radiation in relation to its intensity or distance from the antenna. Int J Radiat Biol 2010;86:345-57.  Back to cited text no. 10
    




 

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