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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9

The association of age and gender with risk factors of noncommunicable diseases among employees in West of Iran


Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hossein Karim
Department of Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_400_16

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Background: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large-scale employ in Western Iran. Methods: In this epidemiologic cross-sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collected using a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer were studied. Results: The proportion of ≥ 5 servings of fruits and vegetables consumption per day was lower in higher ages (P = 0.001), and this proportion was greater in females than males (72.1% vs. 47.8%;P< 0.0001). Tobacco use was more in higher ages and was higher among males than females (13.3% vs. 0.6%;P< 0.0001). Overweight and obesity prevalence increased in higher ages and was more prominent among males than females (67.8% vs. 55.3%;P< 0.0001). Overall, the prevalence of having 3–5 RFs was greater among those with ≥ 55 years and among males than females (20.4% vs. 6.6%;P< 0.0001). Conclusions: The prevalence of major RFs of NCDs was greater among older persons and male participants. More preventive programs such as health education on employees of Kermanshah are recommended.


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