• Users Online: 421
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Browse Articles Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 56

A burden assessment of occupational exposures in Iran, 1990–2010: Findings from the global burden of disease study 2010


1 Department of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Occupational Health, School of Heath, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Department of Health Services Management, School of Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences; Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute; Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran
6 Center for Research on Occupational Diseases, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran
7 Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University ofMedical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
8 Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute; Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Shohreh Naderimagham
Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_123_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: The present study describes the burden of occupational diseases in Iran based on the results of the Global Burden of Disease study conducted in 2010 (GBD 2010). This study aimed to determine the burden of occupational diseases in Iran based on the results of GBD 2010. It is a cross-sectional study. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of occupational diseases were calculated based on the prevalence rates obtained through model estimation, as well as GBD 2010 disability weights and mortality rates obtained from different data registry systems of Iran. Causal association criteria application to select risk outcome pairs, estimation of exposure to each risk factor in the population, estimation of etiological effect size, selection of a counterfactual exposure distribution, risk assessment, and identification of burden attributable to each risk factor were the main conducted statistical steps. Results: There was an increasing trend of DALYs (710.08/100,000 people in 1990 and 833.00/100,000 people in 2005) followed by a slight decrease (833.00/100,000 in 2005–784.55/100,000 people in 2010). A total of 50.4% and 36% of total DALYs per 100,000 people were due to the adverse effects of musculoskeletal disorders and work-related injuries, respectively. Conclusions: Musculoskeletal disorders and work-related injuries are the most important adverse consequences of work-related risks that require urgent interventions to be controlled. Male workers (15–25 years and over 60) with the highest DALYs and mortality rates need more training programs, safety regulations, and higher level of protection support. In spite the decreasing trend of occupational disease related DALYs and death rates in Iran in recent years, a long-term effort is required to maintain the currently decreasing trend.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed778    
    Printed23    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded93    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal