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 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 87

Prevent COVID-19 by telemedicine for the elderly at home care services


Faculty of Health Management and Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Date of Submission27-Mar-2020
Date of Acceptance08-May-2020
Date of Web Publication09-Jul-2020

Correspondence Address:
Sima Ajami
Faculty of Health Management and Information Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O.Box: 81745- 346, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_149_20

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How to cite this article:
Chelongar K, Ajami S. Prevent COVID-19 by telemedicine for the elderly at home care services. Int J Prev Med 2020;11:87

How to cite this URL:
Chelongar K, Ajami S. Prevent COVID-19 by telemedicine for the elderly at home care services. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Aug 13];11:87. Available from: http://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2020/11/1/87/289256


  Introduction Top


Nowadays, coronavirus disease 2019 (CoVID-19) has become a global pandemic. CoVID-19 is heavily involved in more than 215 countries worldwide, including Iran. So far, no cure or vaccine has been found, therefore, the only way is to prevent widespread outbreaks. According to clinical observations, the elderly with chronic diseases are more vulnerable to coronavirus. Thus, if the elderly are infected by CoVID-19, they will have a higher mortality rate. Consequently the best solution for responding to this crisis and in order to keep them at home to protect from CoVID-19, is to use telemedicine and teleconsulting with home care services and monitoring their health status.

In this regard, Tong et al. have stated that it is necessary to provide home care services for the elderly rather than hospital services.[1] One of the most important factors in home health care is to use information and communication technology-based services whose scope includes such as; counseling, assessing, and treating.[2]

Health Deputy of Iranian Ministry of Health asked Iranian to participate in the Corona Electronic Screening Program by referring to salamat.gov.ir. Hereby, they will able to screen remotely coronavirus prevalence and recognize infected, clean, and suspicious people by electronic health records.[3] This is especially more important for families with an elderly person at home.

The coronavirus crisis has given us a lesson that how telemedicine systems have a potentially vital role to prevent and control epidemic and pandemic in emergency situations. Training telemedicine system platforms for treating has been developing throughout health care centers as a supportive umbrella for sharing experiences in choosing the best treatment protocol.[4]

Smith et al. declared in their study, in order to respond to natural disasters and infectious epidemics, related organizations must be prepared in advance and have written protocols. Otherwise, the COVID-19 crisis is not a first, and nor will it be the last. Telehealth that includes telemedicine, telesurgery, teleconsultation, telemonitoring, telescreening, telemedical learning, and teleradiology does have a vital role in emergence responses. Telehealth has a lot of benefits of providing healthcare services to a large number of providers at the same time.[5]


  Conclusion Top
Home health care, not only reducing the risk of spreading CoVID-19 due to home quarantine but also has many benefits for the elderly and their families. Also, by reducing the level of anxiety and stress in the elderly, it increases the level of psychological well-being after living in their place of residence. At the time of the CoVID-19 epidemic, telemedicine is on the top priorities as a preventive method for seniors receiving home care services. For example, telecounseling, teleassessment, and telemonitoring will reduce the constant presence of caregivers and provide proper recommendations to seniors with simple and accessible means, including telephone. So, the great lesson that the coronavirus crisis has given to the healthcare community has been the incredible importance and potential of using telemedicine and telemedicine technologies. Therefore, the use of information technologies such as telemedicine is one of the best and most cost-effective solutions for the epidemic crisis in the near future

Acknowledgments

This letter is part of an M. Sc. thesis entitled “Study on the Challenges of Information and Communication Technology Using for Elderly Home Care Services from the Perspective of Its Provider”, Under ethics code (IR.mui.ac.ir.research.rec. 1397.0.5).

Financial support and sponsorship

The [Isfahan University of Medical Sciences] supported this work under Grant (397204).

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Tong CE, Sims-Gould J, Martin-Matthews A. Types and patterns of safety concerns in home care: Client and family caregiver perspectives. Int J Qual Health Care 2016;28:214-20.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Carretero S, Stewart J, Centeno C, Barbabella F, Schmidt A, Lamontagne-Godwin F, et al. Can Technology-based Services support Long-term Care Challenges in Home Care? Analysis of Evidence from Social Innovation Good Practices Across the EU: CARICT Project Summary Report. Publications Office of the European Union. 2012. [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 25].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Reise A. Corona Screening Plan by visiting the system. IRIB News Agancy. 2020. Available from: https://www.iribnews.ir/00BAow. [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 25].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Zhai Y, Wang Y, Zhang M, Gittell JH, Jiang S, Chen B, et al. From isolation to coordination: How can telemedicine help combat the COVID-19 outbreak? medRxiv 2020. doi: 10.1101/2020.02.20.20025957. [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 25].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Smith AC, Thomas E, Snoswell CL, Haydon H, Mehrotra A, Clemensen J, et al. Telehealth for global emergencies: Implications for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). J Telemed Telecare 2020:1357633X20916567. doi: 10.1177/1357633X20916567. [Last accessed on 2020 Mar 25].  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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