International Journal of Preventive Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 113-

Survival rate and predictors of mortality among hemodialysis patients in West of Iran, 1996–2015


Salman Khazaei1, Mehdi Yaseri2, Shahrzad Nematollahi2, Zahra Zobdeh3, Vida Sheikh4, Mohammad Ali Mansournia2 
1 Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Depatrment of Nursing and Midwifery, Valiasr Hospital of Tuyserkan, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Research Development Unit of Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammad Ali Mansournia
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Enghelab Square, Tehran
Iran

Background: Hemodialysis (HD) is one of the treatments provided to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. A few studies have investigated the survival rate of HD patients in Iran. Hence, we decided to investigate the survival rate and it is predictors among Iranian ESRD patients. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study conducted in 165 HD patients in Tuyserkan city (Hamadan province) during 20 years from 1996 to 2015. The checklist used to gather information was comprised of patients' demographic and clinical information. The analysis was performed using Kaplan–Meier curves, log-rank test, and cox regression model. Results: The most prevalent cause of ESRD was reported to be high blood pressure (32.7%). The probability of survival rate at the end of 1st, 5th, and 10th year was 0.65, 0.16, and 0.05, respectively. Results of multivariate cox regression showed that old age, catheter vascular access, and high hemoglobin level have a negative significant effect on survival of HD patients (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Overall, the survival of HD patients seems to be low in Tuyserkan as compared to other studies. Age, ESRD cause, vascular access, marital status, and hemoglobin level among other factors are proved to have a significant effect on survival probability.


How to cite this article:
Khazaei S, Yaseri M, Nematollahi S, Zobdeh Z, Sheikh V, Mansournia MA. Survival rate and predictors of mortality among hemodialysis patients in West of Iran, 1996–2015.Int J Prev Med 2018;9:113-113


How to cite this URL:
Khazaei S, Yaseri M, Nematollahi S, Zobdeh Z, Sheikh V, Mansournia MA. Survival rate and predictors of mortality among hemodialysis patients in West of Iran, 1996–2015. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Aug 8 ];9:113-113
Available from: http://www.ijpvmjournal.net/article.asp?issn=2008-7802;year=2018;volume=9;issue=1;spage=113;epage=113;aulast=Khazaei;type=0