• Users Online: 1115
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Browse Articles Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 109

Randomized trial of psychological interventions to preventing postpartum depression among Iranian first-time mothers


1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad Ahmadi
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Tehran University, Tehran
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: This study has been funded and supported by the Behavioral Sciences Research Center of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2008-7802.169078

Clinical trial registration IRCT2014040617134N1

Rights and Permissions

Background: The current study was conducted to examine the effect of cognitive behavior therapy on the reduction postpartum mood disorder and increasing the self-esteem of at-risk Iranian mothers. Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 135 at-risk mothers were selected from the population by means of cluster sampling and randomly assigned into one of two groups: Intervention (n = 64), or control (n = 71). The control group received usual medical care, and the intervention group received an eight sessions' cognitive behavior program during pregnancy. Assessments were administered at two time points (pretest at the beginning of the third trimester and posttest at 2 weeks postpartum). Beck anxiety, beck depression, Edinburgh postpartum depression, (PPD) Coopersmith self-esteem, and religious attitude questionnaire were used to collect data. Results: The mean age of participants was 25.8 ± 3.7 years. One-third of them had either bachelor or higher degrees in education (33%). About two-third of participants were unemployment with similar distribution in both the groups (intervention = 80%, control = 83%). The majority (70%) of the participants had cesarean section deliveries. There were no statistically significant differences respects to sociodemographic characteristics between the control and intervention groups (P > 0.05). The multivariate analysis of covariance results showed that the average scores of PPD were reduced significantly in the intervention group (P < 0.001). Also while the mean score of anxiety in the intervention group decreased from 23.31 (standard error [SE] =12.11) to 16.64 (SE = 8.33) and self-esteem increased from 29.09 (SE = 3.51) to 31.81 (SE = 2.76), no change was statistically significant in comparison to the control group. Conclusions: According to the findings of the present study, cognitive behavior intervention is effective in reducing PPD in at-risk mothers.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed4121    
    Printed22    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded422    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 8    

Recommend this journal