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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71

Sleep quality and obstructive sleep apnea in pregnant women

1 Department of Neurology, Brain and Spinal Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3 Department of Neurology, Women's Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Radiology, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Date of Submission04-Apr-2014
Date of Acceptance29-Nov-2014
Date of Web Publication05-Aug-2015

Correspondence Address:
Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
Department of Neurology, Imam Hospital, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2008-7802.162313

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How to cite this article:
Ghajarzadeh M, Askari F, Mohseni M, Mohammadifar M, Memari B. Sleep quality and obstructive sleep apnea in pregnant women. Int J Prev Med 2015;6:71

How to cite this URL:
Ghajarzadeh M, Askari F, Mohseni M, Mohammadifar M, Memari B. Sleep quality and obstructive sleep apnea in pregnant women. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2015 [cited 2023 May 28];6:71. Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2015/6/1/71/162313

Dear Editor,

One of the common disorders during pregnancy is sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). [1] SDB includes snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-hypopnea syndrome. [1]

Snoring is considered as a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal heart rate abnormalities, fetal demise, fetal growth restriction, gestational diabetes, and preeclampsia. [2],[3]

Eighty-two pregnant women with gestational age more than 28 weeks were enrolled.

All cases were asked to fill valid and reliable Persian versions of Pittsburg Sleep Questionnaire (PSQI) and Berlin questionnaire (BQ). [4],[5]

Mean age and mean gestational age 28 ± 4.6 years and 33.5 ± 2.7 weeks.

According to BQ, 36 (43.9%) were classified as high risk for OSA and 46 (56.1%) classified as low risk [Table 1].
Table 1: High-risk cases in women with and without diabetes and preeclampsia

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Mean PSQI score was 8 ± 2.9 in all cases and it was significantly different between high- and low-risk group (mean PSQI in high-risk group was 9.3 ± 2.4 and in low-risk group was 7.1 ± 2.9, P = 0.001) [Table 2].
Table 2: Regression analysis regarding OSA as a dependent variable

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Frederick et al. evaluated 1303 pregnant women and found that habitual snoring was present in 7%. [3]

Facco et al. found that 34% of enrolled pregnant women are at high risk for OSA and age, body mass index (BMI), and chronic hypertension were significant predictors of OSA. [6]

Increase BMI and obesity are considered to be a risk factor for sleep disorders during pregnancy as the mass of the upper airway of the neck increases. [7]

These evidences may suggest that OSA is a problem during pregnancy which is associated with some maternal factors such as GDM and preeclampsia and it is associated with some neonatal adverse effects.

  References Top

Venkata C, Venkateshiah SB. Sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy. J Am Board Fam Med 2009;22:158-68.  Back to cited text no. 1
Frederick IO, Qiu C, Sorensen TK, Enquobahrie DA, Williams MA. The prevalence and correlates of habitual snoring during pregnancy. Sleep Breath 2013;17:541-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
Franklin KA, Holmgren PA, Jönsson F, Poromaa N, Stenlund H, Svanborg E. Snoring, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and growth retardation of the fetus. Chest 2000;117:137-41.  Back to cited text no. 3
Amra B, Nouranian E, Golshan M, Fietze I, Penzel T. Validation of the persian version of berlin sleep questionnaire for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea. Int J Prev Med 2013;4:334-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
Farrahi Moghaddam J, Nakhaee N, Sheibani V, Garrusi B, Amirkafi A. Reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-P). Sleep Breath 2012;16:79-82.  Back to cited text no. 5
Facco FL, Ouyang DW, Zee PC, Grobman WA. Development of a pregnancy-specific screening tool for sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med 2012;8:389-94.  Back to cited text no. 6
Lindberg E, Gislason T. Epidemiology of sleep-related obstructive breathing. Sleep Med Rev 2000;4:411-33.  Back to cited text no. 7


  [Table 1], [Table 2]


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