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BRIEF COMMUNICATION
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36

Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among Iranian adults, Birjand, Iran


1 Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2 Hepatitis Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hamidreza Mashreghimoghadam
Atherosclerosis and Coronary Artery Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_103_16

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Background: Hypertension (HTN) is a major cause of noncommunicable diseases. In this study, we report the prevalence rate of HTN in Birjand population. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1286 individuals in Birjand in 2014. Individuals with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg were considered as hypertensive. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA.P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Among the 1286 participants, 659 were women (51.2%). Prevalence of HTN was 20.1% (10.3% systolic HTN and 6.9% diastolic HTN). Prevalence self-reported HTN was 12.3%. SBP and DBP means were higher in men (P < 0.001). Mean scores of SBP and DBP increased by aging and body mass index (P < 0.001). Diabetic individuals had higher SBP scores (P < 0.001). Dyslipidemic patients had greater SBP and DBP (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Prevalence of HTN in our study is high. About one-fifth of the participants had HTN. In addition, BP is higher in men, elderly, and diabetic individual. Therefore, it is necessary to control BP regularly in different groups in society.


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