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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49

Awareness of the necessity of regular eye examinations among diabetics: The yazd eye study

1 Center for Global Health, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Denmark
2 Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran; Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ramin Beiranvand
23 Paidar Fard, Boostan 9, Pasdaran Ave., Tehran, 16666
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_218_15

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Background: Diabetic retinopathy and its consequence, diabetic macular edema, are leading causes of vision loss in diabetics and can develop even in the first years after onset of diabetes. Being asymptomatic in primary phase and having compensatory effect of bilateral vision delay the necessity of eye care utilization. We conducted this study to determine diabetic individuals' level of awareness about the importance of regular eye examinations. Methods: As part of the cross-sectional, population-based, Yazd Eye Study on people aged 40–80 years, diabetic participants were identified for enrollment in this research. Participants underwent thorough ophthalmic examinations as well as detailed interview. Well-trained interviewers asked participants about their awareness of screening eye examinations and their necessity. Fasting blood sugar, glycated hemoglobin, and complete lipid profile were assessed. All descriptive and analytic tests were done in survey mode. Logistic regression was applied to assess related risk factors. Results: Among 497 diabetic persons out of 2098 participants, 364 respondents (73.4%; 95% confidence interval: 68.6-78.2) were not aware of the necessity of regular eye examinations. Among 133 aware respondents, 21 (16%) respondents had no eye examination over the past year. Educational level significantly correlated with awareness (P = 0.004), and physicians were the most frequent source of awareness (79.7%). Conclusions: This study showed that a significant proportion of Yazd diabetic population (about 73%) needs to be informed about the necessity of regular eye examinations. The remaining respondents, who had this information, mainly had undergone regular ophthalmologist visits, which imply that educational interventions could improve the situation.

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