• Users Online: 455
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Browse Articles Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 66

Predictors of physical activity among adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Isfahan, 2015: Structural equation modeling approach

1 Department of Public Health, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Faculty of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Basic sciences, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
5 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Hosein Rohani
Department of Public Health, Esfarayen Faculty of Medical Sciences, Esfarayen
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_394_16

Rights and Permissions

Background: The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally in the recent decades. Physical activity (PA) helps preventing diabetes complications by keeping the blood sugar of T2DM patients within the normal range. The objective of this study was to explore underlying beliefs corresponding to PA in T2DM patients using health action process approach (HAPA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Isfahan, 2015. A convenience sample of 203 participants with T2DM was collected. Participants completed HAPA inventory containing the following constructs: Risk perception, outcome expectation, task self-efficacy, intention, action and coping planning, coping self-efficacy, recovery self-efficacy, and PA questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was used for statistical analysis. Results: The common fit indices revealed that the HAPA had an acceptable fit to the observations (CMIN/df = 2.36 [P < 0.001], root mean square error of approximation = 0.089, comparative fit index = 0.891, normal fit index = 0.902). Intention was associated with task self-efficacy (β = 0.92, P < 0.001), whereas risk perception (β = 0.16, P = 0.073) and outcome expectation (β = 0.32, P < 0.081) did not predict intention to participate in PA behavior. PA was well predicted by planning (β =0.84, P < 0.01) while it was not significantly associated to coping self-efficacy (β = 0.66, P = 0.73) and recovery self-efficacy (β = 0.6, P = 0.69). Conclusions: HAPA could be used as a proper framework to identify the beliefs of the patients with T2DM and guide for effective theory-based interventions regarding PA.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded295    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal