• Users Online: 401
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Browse Articles Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 


 
 Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 100

Stress reduction strategies in the coronavirus pandemic


1 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2 Clinical Research Development Unit, Shahid Mostafa Khomeini Hospital, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

Date of Submission29-Feb-2020
Date of Acceptance23-Mar-2020
Date of Web Publication09-Jul-2020

Correspondence Address:
Ali Sahebi
Clinical Research Development Unit, Shahid Mostafa Khomeini Hospital,Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam
Iran
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_99_20

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Adibi A, Mozafari A, Azami G, Jamshidbeigi T, Sahebi A. Stress reduction strategies in the coronavirus pandemic. Int J Prev Med 2020;11:100

How to cite this URL:
Adibi A, Mozafari A, Azami G, Jamshidbeigi T, Sahebi A. Stress reduction strategies in the coronavirus pandemic. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 28];11:100. Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2020/11/1/100/289273



Coronavirus outbreak is spreading quickly. Thousands have been sickened by the new coronavirus in many countries, including Iran. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the outbreak was first reported by Chinese officials on December 31, 2019, in Wuhan, a city of 11 million in Hubei province. To date, 40,000 people around the world have been affected.[1],[2],[3] Large-scale outbreak of the new coronavirus has direct and consequential social impacts. For instance, widespread public panic during disease outbreaks can lead to mental health problems in the general population.[4] The surrounding general population with subsequent rapid spread is at risk of developing fear, social isolation, and anxiety. This fear can spread rapidly and is not limited to those experiencing the event directly. Those who are affected include family members of the victims and survivals and those who are exposed through broadcast images. Psychological suffering is usually more prevalent than physical suffering during the outbreak of infectious diseases.[5] For example, China reported the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder and depressive symptoms from fears of their association with coronavirus 34% and 18.1%, respectively. Depression was reported to be higher in the young population compare with the older ones.[6],[7] With the rapid increases in the number of confirmed cases across the word along with the increasing internet access, spreading fake news can make fear and anxiety worsen. The spread of fake news and cyber propaganda can harm the mental health condition.

The following strategies are suggested to reduce people's stress following the coronavirus pandemic:

  1. Carefully consider the sources of information, information context, with the affirmative standard regarding the reliability of the information's source
  2. Spend more time with family and friends or on hobbies rather than find things to resent in the news
  3. Focus on the facts about the virus and the prevention of the disease. Unless you have been in close contact with someone who has the coronavirus, you are likely to be safe
  4. Basic infectious disease principles are likely to cure the spread of this virus including washing hands regularly, covering cough and sneezes with a tissue, avoid touching eyes, nose, or mouth with your hands, stay home from work or school if you have fever, and stay away from people who have signs of a respiratory tract infection
  5. Given the current spread of this virus, we should not panic, even though we are dealing with a novel and serious pathogen. Those who have signs of respiratory tract infection such as fever, chills, dry cough, sneezing, shortness of breath, and runny nose should visit the doctor
  6. People with a history of psychiatric disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, and hypochondriasis should be consulted with a psychiatrist to avoid situations that trigger or worsen their symptoms
  7. The information gained from other serious viruses outbreaks such as SARS and MERS will help. As more information about the virus becomes available, public health organizations such as WHO and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) will be sharing key strategies and information worldwide to manage the disease and keep the virus under control.


Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Lipsitch M, Swerdlow DL, Finelli L. Defining the epidemiology of Covid-19—Studies needed. N Engl J Med 2020.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Luo W, Majumder MS, Liu D, Poirier C, Mandl KD, Lipsitch M, et al. The role of absolute humidity on transmission rates of the COVID-19 outbreak. medRxiv 2020.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Available from: https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/covid-19. [Last accessed on 2020 Feb 28].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Xiao C. A novel approach of consultation on 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19)-related psychological and mental problems: Structured letter therapy. Psychiatry Investig 2020;17:175-6.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Park SC, Park YC. Mental health care measures in response to the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak in Korea. Psychiatry Investig 2020;17:85-6.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Liu S, Yang L, Zhang C, Xiang YT, Liu Z, Hu S, et al. Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry 2020.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Huang Y, Zhao N. Generalized anxiety disorder, depressive symptoms and sleep quality during COVID-19 epidemic in China: A web-based cross-sectional survey. medRxiv 2020.  Back to cited text no. 7
    




 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
References

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed265    
    Printed19    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded52    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]