• Users Online: 2147
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Browse Articles Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 131

Polio outbreak response; Evaluation of acute flaccid paralysis surveillance in Karbala, Iraq

1 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kufa, Kufa, Iraq
2 Department of Public Health, Karbala, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Abdulkareem A Mahmood Aradhi
Dr. Faculty of Medicine - University of Kufa, Kufa
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_128_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: After the last outbreak of wild polio infection in Baghdad, April 2014, the Iraqi response to the outbreak was activated through solid surveillance of Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) case detection in all governorates to interrupt the circulation of poliovirus in addition to the strengthening of Expanded Program on Immunization. This response to the last outbreak has to be evaluated independently to ensure effective mopping and surveillance to stop further outbreak all over the country including the holy province Karbala. We aimed to evaluate the response to the last polio outbreak by evaluating surveillance activities of acute flaccid paralysis cases whether they meet the recommended standards. Methods: Observational evaluation study conducted through August 15–25, 2015. Checking of Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance (AFP) activity through detection of nonPolio acute flaccid paralysis rate and immediate reporting with adequate stool sampling, and 60 days follow-up examination four districts of the province. The reviewing checked whether the surveillance system in Karbala met the global standards required for stopping wild poliovirus circulation. The evaluation included immunization coverage rates and active National Immunization days of oral polio vaccine campaigns. Results: During the period of review, the core surveillance indicators in Karbala met the globally set standards. Percent of acute flaccid paralysis cases with specimens reached to the reference laboratory within 3 days was 100%. Nonpolio cases was 4.2 per 100000 population under 15 years of age through week 33 of the year 2015. Eleven AFP cases were reported from all districts of Karbala among Population of children under 15 years of age. The percentage of cases with adequate specimens was 100% in 2015 versus 93% in 2014. The percent of AFP Cases notified within 7 days of paralysis onset (during first 33 weeks) was 100% in 2015 versus 87% in 2014. Conclusions: As Karbala response to polio outbreak met the target global indicators and standards of polio surveillance. The circulation of the virus in this locality was interrupted and further transmission of the disease is unlikely.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded211    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal