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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 161

Adaptation, validity, and reliability assessments for the persian version of the tobacco craving questionnaire-short form


1 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
2 Center of Health-Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences Shahroud; Psychiatric Research Center of Golestan, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Seyed A Mousavi
Centre of Health.Related Social and Behavioral Sciences Research, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_247_18

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Background: Craving is one of the diagnostic criteria for nicotine dependence. The aim of this study was Translating and Validating of Tobacco Craving Questionnaire-Short Form (TCQ-SF) on Persian. Methods: Fifty smokers aged 15–65 years participated through a public invitation. The forward and backward translation was done according to Beaton's guideline, then all smokers completed questionnaire, in non-deprived and deprived states with a 1-week interval. After expert committee confirmed forward and backward translation, construct validity evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), mean craving scores Independent sample T-tests between high and low Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependent (FTND), and also, deprived and non-deprived smokers. The reliability assessment was done by Intraclass coefficient (ICC) and mean craving scores paired sample t test between two deprived states. The Cronbach's alpha was conducted for internal consistency. Results: The consensus Persian version of the questionnaire was obtained. The CFA indicated a significant (P < 0.001) association of four latent variables with questionnaire structure. The significant (P < 0.001) difference between craving scores in Independent sample t tests indicated the construct validity as concurrent validity. There was no significant difference (P = 0.063) between two deprived states' scores and ICC = 0.97, indicated questionnaire reliability. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.89, shows good internal consistency. Conclusions: The results confirmed the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Tobacco Craving Questionnaire-Short Form.


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