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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 191

Association of Vitamin D deficiency with cardiovascular disease among Saudi patients in Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Public Health, Yadam General Hospital, Ministry of Health, Najran, KSA
2 Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, Imamm Abdul Rehman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, KSA

Correspondence Address:
Mubashir Zafar
Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, Imamm Abdul Rehman Bin Faisal University, Dammam
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_349_19

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Background: Vitamin D deficiency has a far-reaching impact on several metabolic functions including cardiovascular health. This study aimed to test the association of serum 25 [OH]-vitamin D3 levels among cardiovascular disease (i.e., hypertension and ischemic heart disease) patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 360 participants from the tertiary care hospital. The simple random technique was used to select the participants. Only Saudi nationals were included in the study. Sociodemographic information, nutritional status, biochemical parameter (lipid profile, blood glucose level), and questions relating to cardiovascular disease were collected from the hospital record through data collection sheet. Serum Vit D level was determined by serum 25 (OH) blood test. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) software version 24 was used for data analysis. Binary logistic regression model was fitted to indentify the associated factors of vitamin D deficiency among cardiovascular disease patients. Results: Approximately 40.6% and 27.8% of study participants had vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency, respectively. After adjustment of covariates, among cardiac patients, vitamin D deficiency was associated with ischemic heart disease (OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.11–4.52), and blood triglyceride level (OR 2.27, 95% CI 1.22–4.22). Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are associated with ischemic heart disease, hyperglycemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. There is a need for the screening of cardiovascular disease patients for vitamin D levels.

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