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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 198

Determinants of the utilization of a noncommunicable disease screening service by white collar workers in Depok City, West Java Indonesia

Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Ella Nurlaela Hadi
Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, D Building, 1st Floor, Kampus UI Depok, West Java 16424
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_59_19

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Background: Noncommunicable disease (NCD) screening provides a means for early detection of chronic diseases, thereby reducing the risks posed by NCDs. In 2012, 56 million deaths were reported globally, 38 million of which were attributed to NCDs. In Indonesia, NCDs are a major cause of mortality. In Depok City, an NCD screening program among white collar employees has been in place since 2016. This study aimed to establish the determinants of NCD screening among workers at the Depok City Hall. Methods: The study used quantitative methods and a cross-sectional study design. It was conducted at Depok City Hall, Depok City, West Java, Indonesia. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire, which was pretested for validity and reliability. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regressions. Results: Only 45.7% of workers had used the NCD screening service. Peer support (P < 0.01) and having pre-existing NCDs (P < 0.05) were the determinants of NCD screening among respondents. Peer support was the dominant factor associated with the utilization of NCD screening. After controlling for having NCDs, workers with adequate peer support had increased odds of uptake of NCD screening by more than two times (OR: 2.37, 95% CI: 1.29–4.37). Conclusions: Peer support is important in persuading workers to utilize NCD screening. Therefore, it is necessary to develop health promotion programs in the workplace and to empower peer educators to encourage their colleagues to undertake regular health screening.

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