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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19

Frequency of seizure clusters and their associated risk factors in adult patients with epilepsy referred to epilepsy center of Kashani Hospital in Isfahan from 2011 to 2016

1 Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Neurology, School of Medical, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Neurology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
4 Department of Emergency, Abadan University of Medical Science, Abadan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Seyed Navid Naghibi
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_238_18

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Background: Epilepsy is a chronic neurologic condition and affects people of all ages. Seizure clusters are generally referred to seizures that occur at close intervals with complete recovery between attacks. Various studies have reported a variety of frequencies and risk factors for this condition. Methods: We designed a study to determine the frequency of seizure cluster and their associated risk factors in Iranian population for the first time. Results: Among 40 variables analyzed, 18 of them were significantly associated with seizure clustering. Risk factors including educational level, age of onset, number of drugs, seizure types, perinatal complication, developmental delay, other illnesses, parental consanguinity, systemic diseases, number of drugs used, mentation, motor signs, sensory signs, cranial nerves signs, cerebellar signs, seizure duration, existence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesion, and type of MRI pathology are significantly associated with clustering of seizures. When associated risk factors were analyzed with multivariate analysis, age of onset of seizures, number of antiepileptic drugs currently used, lack of seizure-free periods, seizure frequency, and type of MRI pathology are significantly defining for anticipating clustering of seizures. Conclusions: Seizure cluster has a significant negative impact on the quality of life of patients. Important risk factors that are found to be associated are age of onset, parental consanguinity, frequency of seizure, lack of have seizure-free period or periods, pathologies in neurological examination, and MRI findings.

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