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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35

Prevalence of lower back pain and its relation to stress among medical students in Taif University, Saudi Arabia

1 Medical Student, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia
2 Orthopedic Resident, Saudi Orthopedic Program, King Abdualaziz Specialist Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
3 College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Lujain H Alturkistani
College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif City, 21944
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_264_19

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Background: Lower back pain (LBP) refers to pain in the back between the last rib and the gluteal fold. Recent psychological research indicates a relevant connection between severe pain and emotional stress. The etiology of musculoskeletal pain shown to be influenced by low social support, high job demands, and low job control. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 640 medical students in Taif University was carried out from November 2018 to April 2019. A standardized Nordic questionnaire was employed to assess musculoskeletal pain and K10 was used to assess psychological stress. Results: Our study found 33.3% of medical students reported lower back pain, 20.7% reported lower back pain 0–7 days during the last 12 months, and 18.8% reported reduction of activity due to lower back pain during the last 12 months. The mean stress score was 22.7 ± 8.8; 20.7% of students with mild stress reported lower back pain. LBP showed non-significant association to stress categories (P = 0.409). Conclusions: Our survey found no significant association between LBP and psychological stress. The three main risk factors associated with lower back pain were being a 2nd year medical student, female gender, and high working hours.

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