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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 83

International globalization and spreading of novel coronavirus 2019 infection: How far and fast? A medical logistics assessment

1 Private Academic Consultant Unit, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Dr DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China

Date of Submission26-Feb-2020
Date of Acceptance29-Feb-2020
Date of Web Publication09-Jul-2020

Correspondence Address:
Won Sriwijitalai
Private Academic Consultant Unit, Bangkok
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_86_20

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How to cite this article:
Sriwijitalai W, Wiwanitkit V. International globalization and spreading of novel coronavirus 2019 infection: How far and fast? A medical logistics assessment. Int J Prev Med 2020;11:83

How to cite this URL:
Sriwijitalai W, Wiwanitkit V. International globalization and spreading of novel coronavirus 2019 infection: How far and fast? A medical logistics assessment. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Aug 8];11:83. Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2020/11/1/83/289272

Dear Editor,

Novel coronavirus 2019 infection, officially known as COVID-19, is a new emerging disease first reported from China.[1] It is caused by a new virus, namely, SARS-CoV-2. Till now, the identity of the first patient with the disease or patient zero is still unknown but it is believed to be one from China. Understanding patient zero is difficult but useful for an illustration of geographical spread of the disease. From China, coronavirus infection has spread to several countries, starting from Thailand, and has become an important public health concern globally.[2] The migration of the disease by international communication has become an important consideration. After importation of the disease, it can further spread internally in the destination country[3] and there is also a possibility that the disease can further spread to the other countries.[4] The disease trail is complex and this is linked to the chance that the worldwide pandemic can occur. The medical logistics assessment is a useful tool to track the disease transfer trails. Based on the logistics assessment, the information on disease migration pattern (both time and place dimensions) can be better understood.

Here, the authors perform a medical logistics analysis to track the international trails of the disease. The basic online tool, namely, DistanceFromTo (https://www.distancefromto.net/), is used for computational analysis. Until February 25, 2020, several countries around the world including China, Japan, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand, USA, France, United Kingdom, South Korea, Malaysia, Russia, Australia, Germany, UAE, India, Italy, Canada, the Philippines, Spain, Finland, Cambodia, Israel, Iran, Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Sweden, Belgium, Sri Lanka, and Nepal have patients related to this disease. Focusing on the disease transfer trails, there are 24 international disease transfer paths. In the present study, the authors exclude the paths that are the non- first-step continuous transfer and transfer via international marine route. Based on the analysis, the average travel distance of international transfer is 5245.76 + 2734.90 km and the average required travel time of international transfer is 7.37 + 3.73 h.

Based on these data, the disease has a high possibility for international transfer worldwide. The super-spreading of the disease due to globalization can be expected.

Financial support and sponsorship


Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Hsia W. Emerging new coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China: Situation in early 2020. Case Study Case Rep 2020;10:8-9.  Back to cited text no. 1
Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V. Editorial: Wuhan coronavirus outbreak and imported case. Adv Trop Med Pub Health Int 2020;10:1-2.  Back to cited text no. 2
Sookaromdee P, Wiwanitkit V. Imported cases of 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infections in Thailand: Mathematical modelling of the outbreak. Asian Pac J Trop Med. Available from: http://www.apjtm.org/preprintarticle.asp? [Epub ahead of print]. [Last cited on 2020 Feb 07].  Back to cited text no. 3
Wu JT, Leung K, Leung GM. Nowcasting and forecasting the potential domestic and international spread of the 2019-nCoV outbreak originating in Wuhan, China: A modelling study. Lancet. 2020. pii: S0140-6736 (20) 30260-9. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30260-9. [Epub ahead of print].  Back to cited text no. 4


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