International Journal of Preventive Medicine

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 105-

Estimated rate of neglected COVID-19 reporting according to legal surveillance system implication on problem of disease control


Won Sriwijitalai1, Viroj Wiwnaitkit2,  
1 Private Academic Practice, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Honorary Professor, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Visiting Professor, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China

Correspondence Address:
Won Sriwijitalai
Private Academic Practice
India




How to cite this article:
Sriwijitalai W, Wiwnaitkit V. Estimated rate of neglected COVID-19 reporting according to legal surveillance system implication on problem of disease control.Int J Prev Med 2020;11:105-105


How to cite this URL:
Sriwijitalai W, Wiwnaitkit V. Estimated rate of neglected COVID-19 reporting according to legal surveillance system implication on problem of disease control. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 29 ];11:105-105
Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2020/11/1/105/290309


Full Text



Dear Editor,

The number of confirmed Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases have been continuously increased since its first appearance in December 2019.[1] The disease becomes pandemic and WHO already declared public health emergency since 11th March 2020. An important public health manipulation for infection control is the systematic case registry. The registry data are important epidemiological information for disease management planning. In many countries such as Thailand,[2] the legal surveillance system on COVID-19 is in present use. The neglecting in reporting of the case from medical center is an important problem.

Here, the authors share data from local disease control report from Cambodia, a country in Indochina. There are already evidences of neglected COVID-19 reports in the first country that the disease was identified before reidentification and being reported in Cambodia. There are two COVID-19 cases officially reported from Center of Cambodian CDC on two Indonesian patients who got a diagnosis of COVID-19 from a private hospital laboratory in aboard (see details on “https://cambodianess.com/article/two-indonesians-becomes-cambodias-latest-covid-19-patients”). From tracing back, these two cases are not included in registry data in the first country that the disease was identified. The neglected COVID-19 report rating is equal to 0.19% of official registry reported cases (expected range, 95% confidence interval = 0.05% – 0.76%; giving the data there are 1,045 cases of COVID-19 in the country that cases are neglected).

Of interest, under detection and under reporting of COVID-19 was previously reported in many countries by De Salazar et al.[3] The present report can confirm the existence of the problem. The uncontrollable unethical private hospital might be the problem in good surveillance system in any developing countries.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Hsia W. Emerging new coronavirus infection in Wuhan, China: Situation in early 2020. Case Study Case Rep 2020;10:8-9.
2Yasri S, Wiwanitkit V. Editorial: Wuhan coronavirus outbreak and imported case. Adv Trop Med Pub Health Int 2020;10:1-2.
3De Salazar PM, Niehus R, Taylor A, Buckee CO, Lipsitch M. Identifying locations with possible undetected imported severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 cases by using importation predictions. Emerg Infect Dis 2020;26. doi: 10.3201/eid2607.200250.