International Journal of Preventive Medicine

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 112-

Preventive medicine for prevention measurement for COVID-19, State quarantine


Viroj Wiwanitkit 
 Honorary Professor, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Honorary Professor, Dr. DY Patil University, Pune - 411 018, Maharashtra
India




How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. Preventive medicine for prevention measurement for COVID-19, State quarantine.Int J Prev Med 2021;12:112-112


How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. Preventive medicine for prevention measurement for COVID-19, State quarantine. Int J Prev Med [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Oct 6 ];12:112-112
Available from: https://www.ijpvmjournal.net/text.asp?2021/12/1/112/326299


Full Text



Dear Editor, COVID-19 is the present global publica health problem. There are more than 13,000,000 COVID-19 patients worldwide (data for July 13, 2020). The international travel can cause spreading of disease internationally.[1] Therefore, it is necessary to limit the international travel. If there is a necessary international travel, the quarantine on arrival is required.[1],[2] To prevent COVID-19, the quarantine on arrival is the routine requirement in many countries. Any international arrival travelers require quarantine for at least 2 weeks. Here, the author discusses about an important preventive measure for COVID-19, state quarantine. Generally, the aim of quarantine is to prevent disease spreading. The persons under quarantine have to stay at the specific quarantine place. A good system for prevention of disease spreading within the quarantine place is required. If there is no good management, the outbreak of disease in quarantine place is possible. The best example is the disease outbreak in the cruise under quarantine.[3] A suitable place for quarantine should be an isolated place with necessary facilities and good communication system (phone, IT, etc.) for each separated quarantine unit. Nevertheless, it is necessary to prevent non-COVID-19-related incidence in quarantine place. The examples of non-COVID-19-related incidences are accident (such as falling) and sudden illness/death due to other diseases (such as myocardial infarction). The accident prevention in quarantine place is important. For example, the fence for falling prevention is required if the quarantine place is a high building. At present, there are some incidences but there is no specific incidence analysis. There is also no specific recommendation on quarantine measure for COVID-19. Implementing and maintaining appropriate quarantine measures are very important [Table 1]. Finally, the pre-quarantine management cannot be omitted. At international arrival gate, the prevention should be applied for any arrival traveler from any country/territory. The specific exemption of quarantine is not accepted since it might allow spreading of disease.{Table 1}

Author's contribution

Wiwanitkit V solely contributes to the work and approve for final submission.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Nussbaumer-Streit B, Mayr V, Dobrescu AI, Chapman A, Persad E, Klerings I, et al. Quarantine alone or in combination with other public health measures to control COVID-19: A rapid review. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2020;4:CD013574.
2Guner R, Hasanouglu N, Aktas S. COVID-19: Prevention and control measures in community. Turk J Med Sci 2020;50:571-7.
3Zhang S, Diao M, Yu W, Pei L, Lin Z, Chen D. Estimation of the reproductive number of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) and the probable outbreak size on the Diamond Princess cruise ship: A data-driven analysis. Int J Infect Dis 2020;93:201-4.